The information in this article and on this site is for casual educational purposes, and is not meant to replace the advice of a licensed physician or a Medical Doctor. Use this just as an informal source for finding out what others do, then consult with your own physician to get treatment.
Some sort of foot pain effects more than 50% of the people in the U.S. and is usually related to mechanical issues where wearing the wrong shoes, or walking the wrong way over the years has lead to problems in the foot and ankle that need attention to fix.
One of the things that help people the most is an orthotic. Orthotics are shoe inserts that help the problem by supporting the arch of the foot from falling down. What happens when the arch falls down is it pulls on the Fascia which is a leather like substance that doesn’t stretch. One side of the fascia is attached to the toe area, and the other side is attached to the heel bone or calcaneus.
When the fallen arch pulls on the fascia, then the heel gets pulled on, and over time it forms a spur where the fascia is attached to it. And that inn itself causes pain. Podiatrists as well as orthopedists can help in diagnosing and treating Plantar Fasciatis.
My experience has been to get orthotics, and then ice the heel after any activity outside of normal activity. But most importantly, stretch the calf muscle before sleeping. For a more detailed explanation, see http://www.footcures.com